Electronic voting, or e-voting has been a topic of debate in the political and technological world for decades. E-voting is an innovative way to cast ballots using Internet and communication technologies. It allows people to take part in the election process more easily, accurately count votes, and make governance more transparent and accountable. Those who adopted electronic voting during COVID saw all the benefits of e-voting. Additionally, it bridges the digital distance between regions and states, acting as a supplement to traditional paper ballots.
Below is a snapshot of the history of e-voting:
Timeline of Important Developments in E-Voting
The First Computers Designed for Tabulating Votes Are Developed
Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Voting Machine Patented
Precinct-Based Optical Scan System Patented
Nebraska Becomes First State to Officially Implement American Information Systems (AIS) Central-Count Ballot Tabulator
The Federal Election Commission (FEC) Releases First Set of Standards for Computer-Based Voting Systems
First Government Elections Conducted Over the Internet
E-voting and DRE Voting Machines: Successful Implementations in Japan and Georgia
Estonia Holds the First Legally Binding Internet Voting Channel Available for General Elections
Increasing Adoption of Internet Voting in Estonia, Norway, and Switzerland
E-Voting in the Private Sector
In the private sector, e-voting is primarily used for corporate meetings and organizational elections. In these cases, e-voting is typically used to:
Improve the speed and efficiency of the voting process
Increase voter turnout
Provide a more convenient way for members to cast their votes
E-voting is still in its infancy in the public sector. However, Estonia is a great example of a country that has embraced e-voting for parliamentary and local elections since 2005. As of 2019, Internet voting accounted for about 30% of all votes cast in the country.
E-Voting in Web 3.0
Web 3.0 is still in its infancy. However, with the rise of DAOs (decentralized autonomous organizations), e-voting will become a mainstay of how we work and organize ourselves in the future. Stay tuned for more on E-voting and Web 3.0
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